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An analysis of the regulatory and policy framework to support MaaS, in the new issue of Smart City and Mobility Lab

The article “Mobility-as-a-Service: regulations and recommendations” has been published in the MMYY edition of Smart City and Mobility Lab. Based on the extensive research activity and the experiences from three pilot projects (Manchester, Budapest, Luxembourg) developed within the research project MaaS4EU, the article discusses the regulatory, technological and policy elements that are key for the growth and development of the MaaS market.

Read here (only in italian).

The costs of freight transport during the Covid-19 pandemic

An article on freight transport during the Covid-19 pandemic was published in the July/August 2021 issue of Il Giornale della Logistica. Starting from the activity carried out by TRT on behalf of the Bank of Italy, which involves a constant monitoring of the costs of international freight transport to/from Italy, the article proposes an analysis of the trends that characterized 2020 with a focus on different transport modes: road, rail, air, sea.

Read here (only in italian).





Survey on International Merchandise Transport – 2020

Indagine sui trasporti Banca d'Italia

This paper presents the results of the survey on international freight transport carried by TRT for Bank of Italy (the central bank of Italy) in 2020, as part of the compilation of the national balance of payments.

Based on the sample surveys carried by TRT since 1998, the paper describes the key costs trends in the Italian freight transport sector. In 2020 TRT interviewed about 210 international freight operators from different transport segments and collected data on over 6.200 shipments, namely on freight rates and ancillary costs between different origins and destinations. s part of the compilation of the national balance of payments. For the statistics of the balance of payments, moreover, TRT estimates the market shares of freight carriers by nationality.

During 2020, the incidence of transport costs on the value of goods exported to and imported from Italy increased, reversing the downward trend observed in the previous years. The transport sector has been inevitably affected by the Covid-19 emergency. The air transport sector suffered most due to a drop in passenger flights, leading to a severe shortage of “belly” capacity and a sharp increase in freight rates. In the maritime sector, significant price increases were observed in the container, ro-ro and liquid bulk sectors. As for land transport, transport costs slightly increased in the rail sector and slightly decreased in the road sector.

Link to the project page.

Download the full report (only available in Italian)


Evaluation of the White Paper ‘Roadmap to a single European transport area – towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system’

Final report Evaluation of 2011 Transport White Paper

The 2011 Transport White Paper “Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system” is the document with which the European Commission has outlined the strategy on the future EU transport system and which defines the political agenda for the next decades.

The main objectives of the strategy are (i) reduce carbon dioxide emissions in transport to a level that is 60 % below that of 1990; (ii) reduce the transport sector’s dependence on oil; (iii) reduce congestion growth.

The strategy is articulated through 40 action points and 132 initiatives aimed at achieving 10 operational targets at different time horizons (2030 and 2050).

TRT, member of the consortium led by Ricardo NL and participated by M-Five, E3Modelling and TEPR was responsible for carrying out the mid-term evaluation of the effectiveness of the strategy in order to support the European Commission in identifying any proposals for revising the document.

The evaluation provides a robust evidence-based assessment of the White Paper and the actions following from it since its adoption in 2011. It examines the effectiveness, efficiency, coherence, relevance and EU added value of the White Paper in line with the Better Regulation Guidelines.

The evaluation looks at the identified needs for transport policy, the objectives and goals set in the White Paper, the proposed initiatives, reached outcomes and their results, as well as the overall impact of the strategy since it was put in place.

The results of the evaluation are intended to inform subsequent decisions of the Commission on possible priorities for the future agenda of EU transport policy.

Link to the project page.

Download the full report


COG-LO Project on “Il Giornale della Logistica”

Giornale della logistica

TRT has published a new article (available only in italian) about Logistics 4.0 and the interesting insights form the COG-LO Project where concepts as “collaborative” and “cognitive” logistics has been deeply investigated with the support of international organizations and logistics providers such as Ekol Logistics, Croatia and Slovenia Post.

Please have a look on the COG-LO Project and find out more on our website page or on the official website.

Evaluation of EU regulation on TEN-T rail freight corridors

19p20 RFC-Evaluation cover

The evaluation support study of Regulation (EU) No 913/2010, coordinated by TRT on behalf of the European Commission Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport, covered all the provisions of the Regulation, all the European countries participating in a Rail Freight Corridor (RFC) and addressed the period from the establishment of the RFCs until 2020.

The study identified the impact of the Regulation by comparing the actual developments in the rail freight sector, i.e. with the Regulation in place, with respect to a baseline situation describing the likely developments that would have occurred without this policy intervention. The study also took into account the activities related to the RFCs going beyond the provisions of the Regulation, addressing for instance technical and operational interoperability along the RFCs. Furthermore, the study covered the activities of the rail sector undertaken in the period of analysis and contributing to the objectives of the Regulation.

TRT was responsible for the design of the evaluation, the definition of an evaluation baseline, the analysis of the stakeholders consultation, the analysis of the effectiveness and efficiency of the Regulation and the estimation of costs and benefits from the implementation.

Link to the project page.

 Download the full report


The Future European Energy System

The future energy system in Europe needs to be decarbonized and thus be based almost exclusively on renewable energy sources. Therefore it is challenged by the intermittent nature of renewables and requires several flexibility options. The interaction between different options and the impact on environment and society are in the focus of this contribution. It has been the core objective of the Reflex research project funded by the H2020 EU research programme and is reflected in the book “The Future European Energy System – Renewable Energy, Flexibility Options and Technological Progress” appjust published by SpringerNature.

The book analyzes the transition toward a low-carbon energy system in Europe under the aspects of flexibility and technological progress. By covering the main energy sectors – including the industry, residential, tertiary and transport sector as well as the heating and electricity sector – the analysis assesses flexibility requirements in a cross-sectoral energy system with high shares of renewable energies. The authors apply models and tools from various research fields, including techno-economic learning, fundamental energy system modeling, and environmental and social life cycle as well as health impact assessment, to develop an innovative and comprehensive energy models system (EMS). Moreover, the contributions examine renewable penetrations and their contributions to climate change mitigation, and the impacts of available technologies on the energy system.

Mobility Package 1 and impacts on combined transport sector

Mobility Package 1 e impatti sul trasporto combinato

The study, carried out by TRT on behalf of the European Commission (DG MOVE), provides the analysis of the impacts on the combined transport sector of Regulation 2020/1055 amending Regulation 1072/2009/EU (Mobility Package 1); specifically, the new provisions allowing Member States to apply the so-called “cabotage restrictions” to road legs of international combined transport (CT) operations if those road legs do not cross a border. In order to gather input for a qualified ex-ante assessment on the potential impacts, a survey was carried out addressing two types of CT operators: transport organisers and terminal operators, covering all modal combinations and a wide range of Member States. The data and the information collected focuses on the compliance strategies envisaged by the CT operators and on the impacts that the new rules could have on their activity.

Link to the project page.

 Download the final report (inlc exec. summary)

 Download only executive summary

Re-Thinking mobility poverty

The recently-terminated HiReach project has just published a book entitled “Re-thinking Mobility Poverty. Understanding User´s Geographies, Backgrounds and Aptitudes”. TRT, the HiReach coordinator, directly contributed of the writing several chapters.

IThe book, which is based on the analytical phase of project, seeks to better conceptualise and define mobility poverty, addressing both its geographies and socio-economic landscapes.

It examines the social construction of mobility poverty by delving into mobility patterns and needs as they are differently experienced by social groups in different geographical situations and also offers a comparison of the global phenomenon through fieldwork conducted in the six different HiReach study regions.

The book is released in hardcopy by the world’s leading academic publisher Routledge, and can be purchased here.

Open Access is also available here.

Link to the project page.

Study on employment and social impacts of connected and automated driving (CAD)

TRT together with Ecorys (lead), M-Five, VTT, SEURECO, ERTICO, UITP and IRU analysed the employment and social impacts of connected and automated driving (CAD). The 16-month study was finalised end of last year and has now been published. The study was implemented for the Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (DG RTD) of the European Commission. It provides an analysis of the short, medium- and long-term impacts of CAD on jobs, employment, skills and knowledge, as well as an investigation and elaboration of options in key policy areas in order for the European Union to take timely action.

The main report presents four different scenarios outlining future CAD deployment and fleet compositions up to 2050. The main part of the report provides an analysis of the employment and social impacts along these four scenarios, highlighting expected quantitative as well as qualitative impacts. Results show likely severe social impacts on the road transport sector. In exchange with stakeholders, we developed 22 policy options to address this transition. The policy options are presented in the final part of the report. These policy options have been operationalised by adding a timeline and by describing the role of various actors with the goal of setting the groundwork for a social roadmap for CAD deployment. The supporting annexes provide additional information with more detailed findings, as well as information on the methodology used to come to these results.