Study on costs and benefits of the sustainable urban mobility transition
The study had the objective to assess the impacts of different sustainable urban mobility transition scenarios, producing a quantitative analysis of their costs and benefits for European cities by 2030 and 2050.
The calculation is based on an improvement and extension of the MOMOS model, which allows to calculate the costs and benefits of the transition through a set of indicators.
To take into account differences among European cities, the quantification of results is applied to 12 city prototypes, which considered different dimensions (small, medium, and large cities) and geographic areas (southern, central/western, northern, and eastern Europe).
The project considered three potential scenarios, based on a combination of policy measures taken from key EU initiatives:
- Promote and regulate, based on changing behaviour and promotion;
- Plan and build, focused on investments in technology and infrastructure;
- Mixed, which combines policies from the previous two scenarios.
The three scenarios were built on specific combinations and applications of policy measures. These measures belong to six different policy groups:
- Shared Mobility and Demand Management;
- Innovative Services;
- Green Public Transport and Logistics Fleets & Charging Infrastructure;
- Pricing Schemes;
- Transport Infrastructure;
- Traffic management and control.
The model’s final output consisted in a set of indicators to quantify the costs and benefits related to three domains: transport, environment, and economic. Based on these outputs, a series of recommendations identified the necessary funds and the major benefits of the different scenarios.
EIT KIC Urban Mobility