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Study on employment and social impacts of connected and automated driving (CAD)

TRT together with Ecorys (lead), M-Five, VTT, SEURECO, ERTICO, UITP and IRU analysed the employment and social impacts of connected and automated driving (CAD). The 16-month study was finalised end of last year and has now been published. The study was implemented for the Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (DG RTD) of the European Commission. It provides an analysis of the short, medium- and long-term impacts of CAD on jobs, employment, skills and knowledge, as well as an investigation and elaboration of options in key policy areas in order for the European Union to take timely action.

The main report presents four different scenarios outlining future CAD deployment and fleet compositions up to 2050. The main part of the report provides an analysis of the employment and social impacts along these four scenarios, highlighting expected quantitative as well as qualitative impacts. Results show likely severe social impacts on the road transport sector. In exchange with stakeholders, we developed 22 policy options to address this transition. The policy options are presented in the final part of the report. These policy options have been operationalised by adding a timeline and by describing the role of various actors with the goal of setting the groundwork for a social roadmap for CAD deployment. The supporting annexes provide additional information with more detailed findings, as well as information on the methodology used to come to these results.

Link to project page.

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2nd Air Cargo Observatory Study – The air freight in Italy

This document, written by TRT for “Cluster Cargo Aereo” (ANAMA, Assaeroporti, Assohandlers e IBAR), analyses and compare Italian air cargo market with European competitors.

This study is completed with the results of a survey sent to manufacture and shipping companies, which made possible to deepen the knowledge of the strategic role of air cargo traffic, and with a statistical analysis that covers the period 2008-2019 and different categories of products.

Eventually, this document is enriched with an annex dedicated to Covid-19 impact over air cargo traffic, which revealed an high degree of resilience for all of players in this economic sector.

Link to the page of the project.

Report available only in Italian.

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Implementation of the European roadworthiness package

This study, carried out by TRT who had lead a multidisciplinary international consortium made by OIR, Arcadia International and M&E Factory, further supported by CORTE, checks how EU Member States have transposed the package from the road safety perspective, determines whether the transposition has effectively led to the application of common standards, and check whether the national measures transposing the safety provisions of the package are sufficient and adequately shaped to achieve its safety objectives.

These goals required the analysis of legal transpositions by Member States, performed by considering the national legal measures transposing the roadworthiness package as they had been notified to the EC (more than 450 documents from 27 Member States), and a direct survey among responsible authorities at national level involved 23 different organization from 21 MS completed by 7 direct interview to ministries and other national authorities.

Link to the project page.

The study is available here.

Survey on International Merchandise Transport – 2019

This paper is a summary of the surveys on international freight carried by TRT for Banca d’Italia (Italian national bank) in 2019.

It includes main figures of the sample surveys carried by TRT for Banca d’Italia dating back to 1998. It is part of the balance of payments, in the section of international freight transport. In 2019 TRT interviewed 160 circa of the main international freight operators, with the aim to find out information regarding freight rates and ancillary costs. Moreover, market shares of carriers by nationality has been estimated.

During 2019 the reduction of the share of transport cost on imported and exported goods’ value diminished. Average costs per tonne remained almost constant in road transport, with an increment of full-load fees and a reduction of partial-load fees. Freight rates in rail transport are diminished, particularly for bulk transport. Air cargo average costs diminished considerably, especially for exports. As for maritime transport, average costs increased moderately, due to the depreciation of the euro-dollar exchange rate.

Link to the project page.

Report available only in Italian

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Survey on International Merchandise Transport – 2018

This paper is a summary of the surveys on international freight carried by TRT for Banca d’Italia (Italian national bank) in 2018.

It includes main figures of the sample surveys carried by TRT for Banca d’Italia dating back to 1998. It is part of the balance of payments, in the section of international freight transport, in line with methodological conventions of the 6th manual of International Monetary Fund. In 2019 TRT interviewed 200 circa of the main international freight operators, with the aim to find out information regarding freight rates and ancillary costs. Moreover, market shares of carriers by nationality has been estimated.

During 2018 road transport had a slight decrease of freight rates, with differences according with the reference area. Rail sector had a generalized increase on intermodal freight and a decrease in conventional.

Air freight cargo had a significant increase in average costs, especially for exportation, due to the increase of demand. Maritime sector registered an average reduction of costs because of a depreciation of tax exchange between EUR and USD and because of a slowdown of world economy.

MobilitAria 2019 Report

Last April the second edition of “MobilitAria” report  was presented in Rome, in the national headquarters of “Ferrovie dello Stato”. This study, written by Kyoto Club, CNR-IIA (National Council for Research, Atmospheric Pollution Institute – Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto sull’Inquinamento Atmosferico) with the collaboration of Isfort, presents data on urban mobility and air quality for 14 cities and Metropolitan Areas for the period 2017-2018.

This edition includes an original contribute do TRT that reports the results of the simulation of effects of actions, that promote electric mobility, on mobility system and environment.

Tests had been carried referring to four Metropolitan Cities of Italy (Turin, Milan, Bologna and Bari) using MOMOS model (MOdello per la MObilità Sostenibile – Sustainable Mobility Model) developed by TRT.

 

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Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Charging and Internalisation of Transport Externalities

TRT is partner of the international consortium appointed by the European Commission DG MOVE to carry out the study “Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Charging and Internalisation of Transport Externalities”. Currently, the study is ongoing and approaching its final phase. The final report will be delivered early next summer with main conclusions and transport policy applications. Preliminary results are available on the webpage and show the overall size of transport external costs, the external costs by cost category and by transport mode for EU28 countries and the extent to which users and polluters pay the total costs (external and infrastructure) that they are responsible for.

 

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Components rates that influence competitivity of road and rail freight transport

Alpine Regions are particularly sensitive to negative environmental and social impacts of excessive traffic of freight and passengers throughout Alps. The harmonization and the implementation of modal shift actions are extremely important in order to face this issue. The EUSALP AG4 Group commissioned to TRT a study that focuses on the project of an adeguate mix of modal shift politics. TRT gave and comprehensive analysis of existing tariffs components that influence the competitiveness between road and rail freight transport inside and through Alps.

The goals of the study were:

  • Collect detailed information on costs components derived from the regulation of the road and rail transport;
  • Develop a comparative representation of these elements to be used for the discussion inside the Action Group;
  • Give preliminary recommendations to improve the mix of proposed actions to balance the modal shift on alpine macroregion.

 

Report available only in Italian.

Link to the published report.

Modal shift in European transport: a way forward

IPOL_STU(2018)629182_ENOn the occasion of the Year of Multimodality, 2018, the study aimed to take stock of progress made towards the objectives set by the 2011 Transport White Paper and of the actions taken at European level to make the modal shift more successful.

The study provides a comprehensive analysis of the progress and potential for modal shift from road to more sustainable modes of transport, both on passenger and freight transport. It highlights the main barriers and factors hindering a more effective modal shift at European level and gives recommendations on measures to be potentially incorporated to achieve more effective policies.

The full study is available at the following link: Modal Shift 2018