Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Charging and Internalisation of Transport Externalities
The objective of the study is to assess the extent to which the “user pays” and the “polluter pays” principles are implemented. This allows DG MOVE to take stock of the progress of Member States towards the goal of full internalisation of external and infrastructure costs of transport and to identify options for further internalisation.
The scope of the study involved all external costs, all transport modes and, geographically, EU28, Norway, Switzerland, USA, Canada and Japan.
To realise the general objective and address the scope of the study data has been collected on: infrastructure costs, transport-related charges, earmarking of fiscal revenues and compensations paid by the users.
Within the study, TRT is responsible to (i) develop estimations of the external costs related to congestion for all transport modes, (ii) elaborate estimations of the external costs of rail transport mode and with respect to all categories of external costs and (iii) support data collection, as country expert of Italy.
European Commission – DG MOVE
2017 – ongoing